Bald-Faced vs European Hornet: Which Do You Have?


No matter the type of hornet that inhabits your space, they’re not a pest you want to run into. In Virginia, the most common are the bald-faced and European. Do you know which one you’re dealing with?

Bald-Faced Hornet

Appearance: They are black and white, hence their “bald” name and also have three white stripes on their body. Workers are covered in small hairs.

Signs: This stinging insect creates a hanging, papery nest. Of course, spotting many is a clear sign of a problem.

Danger: Bald-faced hornets give a painful sting that can create a lump that lasts for about 24 hours. Like other insects, some people are allergic to the venom released, and they may need to seek medical attention.

European Hornet

Appearance: This hornet looks more like the stinging insects you’re used to seeing. It has a brown body with yellow stripes, but they are larger than most others.

Signs: Like other stinging insects, spotting this one is usually the first sign of a problem. Nests that are out in the open have a papery shell, while those covered by structures will have that honeycomb look.

Danger: Hornets can sting multiple times during an attack, leaving the victim in extreme pain.

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